Edward J. Markey is a Democratic Senator from Massachusetts.
He was previously a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the 5th district of Massachusetts.
Ed Markey was born in Malden, Massachusetts, on July 11, 1946. He attended Boston College (B.A., 1968) and Boston College Law School (J.D., 1972). He served in the U.S. Army Reserve and was elected to the Massachusetts State House where he served two terms representing Malden and Melrose. He is married to Dr. Susan Blumenthal.
Representative Edward J. Markey, a national leader on energy and the environment, is the Ranking Member of the Natural Resources Committee. He has served on the Committee since his election to the House of Representatives in 1976. In addition to being a steward of our public lands, national parks, and oceans, Rep. Markey has fought to create new jobs in American clean energy. He also consistently served as consumer champion against rising gas prices and foreign oil.
From 2007 to 2010, at the direction of then-Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Rep. Markey served as Chairman of the Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming. The Select Committee has held 80 hearings and briefings and contributed to the advancement of smarter energy and climate policies, including the first increase in fuel economy standards in three decades, which Rep. Markey authored.
During the 111th Congress, Rep. Markey also chaired the Energy and Environment Subcommittee of the House Energy & Commerce Committee. Perhaps the most powerful Subcommittee in the House of Representatives, it had unprecedented jurisdiction over national energy and environmental policy. As Chairman, Markey co-authored the landmark Waxman-Markey "American Clean Energy and Security Act," which was approved by the House of Representatives in June 2009.
Reflecting his commitment to maintaining the quality of life and economic opportunity in New England and across America. Gene Karpinski, the President of the League of Conservation Voters of the United States, has said “there is no greater environmental champion in Congress than Ed Markey as we fight to head off the looming catastrophe of climate change,” and Kevin Knobloch, President of the Union of Concerned Scientists has said that Rep. Markey “is part of an exciting, game-changing leadership in the Congress on climate and energy.” President Obama has also noted that "the House of Representatives has already passed historic legislation" on energy and environmental issues "due in large part to the efforts of Massachusetts' own Ed Markey" noting in a speech in Boston that Markey “deserves a big round of applause” for his leadership in drafting the Waxman-Markey bill.
From 2003 to 2009, Rep. Markey also served as a senior member of The House Homeland Security Committee. In that capacity, he focused on closing gaps in our homeland defenses, particularly in the areas of nuclear, aviation, rail, liquefied natural gas and chemical security. National Journal named Rep. Markey to its “Homeland Security 100,” a list of the top leaders influencing homeland security policy, identifying him as “a tenacious watchdog, relentlessly prodding the Bush administration to crack down on what he sees as critical gaps in the nation’s security.”
Long term political consequences of the Hughes campaign
Opposing Ted Kennedy in the 1962 Massachusetts Democratic Primary was Edward McCormack, nephew of House Speaker John McCormack; Kennedy's Republican opponent was Yankee scion George Cabot Lodge; and on the left was Independent peace candidate Harvard Prof. H. Stuart Hughes, chair of the Committee for a SANE Nuclear Policy.
Jerome Grossman was Hughes' Campaign Manager and Chester Hartman was the organizer of the massive signature drive required to place Hughes on the ballot. According to Grossman;
- Hughes needed 72,000 signatures, a purposely prohibitive number in that era of McCarthyism and nobody in fact had tried to reach it since the law had first been passed.
- In this talented field, Hughes polled 50,013 votes, 2.3% of the votes cast. However, we collected a startling 149,000 signatures in ten weeks for a "peace candidate." The Cuban Missile Crisis arrived in October just before the election. With the integrity that was his hallmark, Hughes went against the popular hysteria: he accused President Kennedy of acting over hastily in imposing the blockade of Cuba, of bypassing the United Nations, and unnecessarily stirring up an atmosphere of national emergency. His position cost Hughes thousands of votes.
- In the process we built a town-by-town organization all over the state, a structure that remains in place today. A clear result has been the election over recent decades of so many progressive voices to the state's first-rate Congressional delegation, including Michael Harrington, Father Robert Drinan, Gerry Studds, Jim McGovern, Barney Frank, Ed Markey, John Tierney, Michael Capuano and John Kerry.
The Vietnam War had personal as well as political consequences for Steve Grossman. At Harvard he signed an anti-war petition, despite the warnings of career-conscious classmates who said it would harm his chances to get a job. Later, he accelerated his business-school program and joined the US Army Reserves, which fulfilled his military obligations. That's where he met Ed Markey, a young man from Malden. "We were always talking about politics," Markey remembers. When Markey announced that he was running for a congressional seat in 1976, Grossman called to offer his family's support.
The Chile letter
On August 1 1979 Thirty-five U.S. Congressmen signed a letterto President Jimmy Carter demanding that private bank loans to Chile be barred unless the Chilean government chose to extradite three military officials, including the former director of the Chilean intelligence service. The three had been indicted for complicity in the assassination of marxist Unidad Popular government member and KGB agent Orlando Letelier and the killing of Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) staffer Ronni Moffitt in 1976.
In May 1978 the Chief Justice of the Chilean Supreme Court rejected the U.S. request for extradition.
Chief sponsor of the letter was Rep. Tom Harkin (D-IA), who was joined by Congressmen John Burton (D-CA), John Conyers (D-MI), Robert Kastenmeier (D-WI), Ron Dellums (D-CA), Berkley Bedell (D-IA), Richard Ottinger (D-NY), Fred Richmond (D-NY), Robert Drinan (D-MA), Leon Panetta (D-CA), Don Edwards (D-CA); Norman Mineta (D-CA), Pete Stark (D-CA}, Anthony Beileson (D-CA) George Brown (D-CA), Toby Moffett (D-CT), Dale Kildee (D-MI), Eugene Atkinson (D-PA), Michael Barnes (D-MD), David Bonior (D-MI), Adam Benjamin (D-IN), William Brodhead (D-MI), Robert Carr (D-MI), Tom Daschle (D-SD), Tom Downey (D-NY), Harold Hollenbeck (R-NJ), Pete Kostmayer (D-PA), Stewart McKinney (R-CT), Edward Markey (D-MA), Andrew Maguire (D-NJ) Rick Nolan (DFL-MN), Gerry Studds (D-MA), Bruce Vento (DFL-MN) and Howard Wolpe (D-MI).
The Harkin letter characterized the Chilean government as "an enemy of the American people" and urged the President to "take strong action against this terrorist government." The letter was released (9 A.M. on August 1 1979) at the same time a press statement from the Washington, DC, Chile Legislative Center of the National Coordinating Center in Solidarity with Chile, staffed by veterans of the Venceremos Brigade and the Communist Party USA, supported the Congressional letter and urged pressure so that the State Department does not accept a military trial of the three Chileans in Chile as a substitute for extradition and trial in the US
"Friends of Ireland"
March 16 1981, twenty-four American political figures, most of them of Irish ancestry, urged an end to the fear and the terrorism and the bigotry in Northern Ireland and proposed that the Reagan Administration find a way to promote a peaceful settlement of the Ulster conflict.
In a joint St. Patrick's Day statement, the 24 - including Governor Carey, Governor Byrne, Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan of New York and Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts -announced the creation of an organization seeking to facilitate greater understanding of the positive role America can play resolving this tragic conflict.
They stressed that the organization, known as the Friends of Ireland, will seek the unification of the six counties of Northern Ireland with the Irish Republic but that the goal can be reached only with the consent of a majority of the people of Northern Ireland, and with full safeguards for the rights of both sections of the community.
It was the fourth consecutive year that the group had issued a statement on St. Patrick's Day calling for an end to violence in Ulster, but it was the first time it had sought to define a role for the United States. The group was set up to counter a vocal lobby for the Irish Republican Army.
Two-thirds of the people of Northern Ireland are Protestants, while the Irish Republic is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic. Efforts to resolve the violent conflict between Protestants and Catholics, and work out a settlement aimed at erasing the border, have been thwarted by terrorists on both sides.
The statement urged the Administration to play a constructive role in Northern Ireland and support a policy that helps bring terrorism to an end, that demands respect for the human rights of all the people of Northern Ireland, that recognizes the legitimate aspirations of both the Protestant and Catholic communities, and that strengthens the ties between two of America's closest friends - Ireland and Great Britain.
The Irish Government promptly applauded the creation of the group. In a statement released by the Irish Embassy here, Prime Minister Charles Haughey said that the links between the Irish and American peoples, which are of such long standing, will be even further strengthened by the setting up of this group.
In their statement, the political figures said that the Friends of Ireland will be open to all members of Congress and will strive to inform Congress and the country fully about all aspects of the conflict in Northern Ireland.
It will emphasize our concern, the statement said, for both the Catholic and Protestant traditions in Ireland. Besides Governors Carey and Byrne and Senators Moynihan and Kennedy, the following officials signed the statement: The Speaker of the House, Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr. Gov. J. Joseph Garrahy of Rhode Island Senator Joe Biden, Democrat of Delaware, Senator Alan Cranston, Democrat of California Senator Chris Dodd, Democrat of Connecticut, Senator Thomas Eagleton, Democrat of Missouri Senator Daniel Inouye, Democrat of Hawaii Senator, Patrick Leahy, Democrat of Vermont Senator George Mitchell, Democrat of Maine Senator Claiborne Pell, Democrat of Rhode Island, Senator William Proxmire, Democrat of Wisconsin Representative Edward Boland, Democrat of Massachusetts, Representative Charles Dougherty, Republican of Pennsylvania Representative Thomas Foley, Democrat of Washington Representative James Howard, Democrat of New Jersey, Representative Paul N. McCloskey, Jr., Republican of California Representative Joseph McDade, Republican of Pennsylvania Representative Ed Markey, Democrat of Massachusetts. Representative James Shannon, Democrat of Massachusetts, Representative Pat Williams, Democrat of Montana.
In 1987, the death of Benjamin Linder, the first American killed by U.S.-backed Nicaraguan Contras -- ignited a firestorm of protest and debate.
In the summer of 1983, the 23-year-old supporter of the Marxist Sandinista government, arrived in Managua with a newly earned degree in engineering. In 1986, Linder moved from Managua to El Cuá, a village in the Nicaraguan war zone, where he helped form a team to build a hydroplant to bring electricity to the town. He was ambushed and killed by the Contras the following year while surveying a stream for a possible hydroplant.
Despite testimony from the ambushers that Linder was armed and wearing a Sandinista military uniform at the time of the ambush, many Sandinista sympathizers tried to portray Linder's death as the deliberate murder of an unarmed civilian.
US Reps Ed Markey, Les AuCoin, George Crockett, David Bonior, Peter Rodino, Peter DeFazio, Ron Wyden, wrote an April 29. 1987 letter to Secratary of Stae George Schultze, the day after Linder's death, repeating the story that Linder was reportedly, unarmed, and asking questions as to the circumstances of Linder's death, including if the killing was committed by US backed "Contra" rebels.
Voted against support for "Contras"
The Congressional Record of February 3, 1988 shows that the following leading Democratic Party Congressmen voted against aid to the Nicaraguan Freedom Fighters - the "Contras"- then fighting against the Marxist-Leninist Sandinista government of Nicaragua:
The "Freeze" movement
Inspired by Spock
In the early 1960s SANE "recognized the environmental and health impact brought on by the nuclear age". In 1962, convinced that nuclear testing would have a negative effect on generations of children, Dr. Benjamin Spock made an "inspired move" to unite health care professionals with the nuclear abolition movement.
SANE’s Executive Director, Homer Jack, convinced Spock to go public with his beliefs. The New York Times advertisement declared “Dr. Spock is Worried” and "our nation took to the streets in defense of children and the environment".
- The connection was clear. Nuclear testing left radiated uranium deposits in the soil and water table. Once dispersed, the radiation infected the grass and grazing animals - moving its way through the ecosystem into our food supply and into our bodies.
At a late 2000s Peace Action Congressional book reception, Congressperson Ed Markey commented on this truth and how Dr. Spock inspired him as a teenager to get involved in the nuclear abolition movement.
During the 1979 SALT II debate, Oregon's far left Republican Senator Mark Hatfield introduced an amendment that called for a “strategic weapons freeze,” which helped provide the impetus for the popular Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign and would ricochet back into Washington and prompt Hatfield and other members of Congress to act.
As tensions between Washington and Moscow mounted in 1982 and the two countries built up their nuclear arsenals even further, Hatfield and other members of Congress 'heard from their constituents", who sought a way off the escalatory ladder and were calling for a “nuclear freeze” with the Soviet Union on the testing, production, and deployment of nuclear warheads and delivery systems.
“We heard from people at every stop who knew about the nuclear freeze proposal and wanted us to support it. ‘Why not?’ they asked. We found that question difficult to answer,” Hatfield and Senator Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.) later explained in their 1982 book Freeze! How You Can Help Prevent Nuclear War. “A new arms control initiative was needed to offer leadership in Congress and respond to the growing public concern,” they wrote.
On March 10, 1982, Hatfield and Kennedy joined House proponents of the freeze, including Representative Edward Markey (D-Mass.), to introduce a “sense of Congress” resolution based directly on a widely disseminated document, “Call to Halt the Nuclear Arms Race,” developed by Randall Forsberg, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology defense policy expert who would later join the board of directors of the Arms Control Association. With the backing of Hatfield and Kennedy, the effort gained broad-based popular and expert support, national attention, and increasing political momentum.
Following new Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s announcement in July 1985 that the Soviet Union would forgo tests and that the Soviet Union would not test until and unless the United States began testing, the Reagan administration declined to reciprocate. In October 1986, a bipartisan group of 63 House and Senate members, led by Hatfield, Senator Alan Cranston (D-Calif.), Representative Les Aspin (D-Wis.), and others, sent a letter to Reagan urging him to reciprocate and call off the next scheduled test in Nevada, code-named Glencoe.
Cranston and Hatfield also introduced legislation seeking to bar the spending of money to carry out U.S. nuclear tests if the Soviet Union was not doing so. Their initiative did not succeed, but it would get another chance.
Origins of the "freeze" movement
The freeze campaign became the strongest of the nation-wide American political initiatives during the eighties. In Randall Forsberg’s paper, “The Call to Halt the Arms Race,” she suggested an immediate, verifiable, comprehensive, bilateral cessation of production, testing, and deployment of new nuclear weapons and delivery systems.Actual disarmament could be deferred. The strategy was originally developed by several East Coast disarmament and peace organizations in 1980, which included AFSC, FOR, Clergy and Laity Concerned , and a research organization headed by Forsberg, the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies. Among the key organizers of the campaign were Pam Solo (then a Loretto nun) and Randy Kehler. The freeze idea caught the imagination of the public and a national poll showed that in April 1982, 81 percent of the public approved it.
The freeze movement faced a political dilemma: whether or not to work closely with such politicians as Senator Edward Kennedy and Congressman Ed Markey, who could improve the odds of turning the freeze idea into legislation but at the cost of narrowing the political demands. The organizers opted to work with the politicians, who introduced the Kennedy-Hatfield freeze resolution to the Senate, only to see the administration immediately try to stifle it. The freeze resolution in the House of Representatives passed in May, 1983, but some activists saw the votes in Congress as premature and ultimately counterproductive.
Until March 1983 the antinuclear movement was focusing mainly on the INF missiles for Europe and the MX missiles for the United States. Suddenly a new set of problems was presented when President Reagan announced the Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI) program — known by the public as “Star Wars.” The Union of Concerned Scientists and the Federation of American Scientists launched a campaign against the project, calling the immensely costly project scientifically unworkable and strategically unsound. The most obvious immediate effect of the program was to terrify the Soviet leaders, who felt it necessary, above all else, to prevent a race for supremacy in these so-called “defensive” weapons.
The freeze campaign shared that ambition: to block Star Wars and all nuclear weapons. By the time the next presidential campaign began, the freeze organization was calling itself “Freeze Voter ’84.” The organizers met with all the candidates, of whom Walter Mondale and Alan Cranston were the most receptive. Gary Hart, who was a front-runner along with Mondale, placed an ad in the New York Times promising that, if elected, he would initiate a test ban. Mondale promised the same thing.8
In some ways, Freeze Voter ’84 was successful.It raised almost $1.5 million for the 1984 elections. Out of eight senate candidates whom it supported, four won. Out of the 37 House candidates it supported, 24 won. But the presidential race was another matter: Ronald Reagan was re-elected.9
However, the second-term Reagan was a different politician from the first-term Reagan, and this fact can largely be attributed to the success of the freeze campaign. He had learned to stop speaking loosely about “nuclear warning shots” or joking that “the bombing will begin in five minutes.” But freeze activists were hardly bouyed up by considering these changes as evidence of their success. On the contrary; by 1986, the freeze campaign found it necessary to merge with SANE, chiefly for financial reasons.
Although the freeze movement was the most prominent American political campaign of the eighties, its strength came from a variety of other supportive peace groups, many of them older organizations that also sustained their own projects. Existing disarmament groups multiplied in size during the mid-eighties and hundreds of other new groups came into existence and briefly played important roles. The historic peace churches continued active, of course. Then there were old grassroots organizations such as WILPF, Mobilization for Survival, and the War Resisters League, plus lobbying groups in Washington, such as SANE and the Council for a Livable World.
Public "wants test ban"
April 17, 1986, the Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy said a poll it commissioned with Opinion Research Corp. of Princeton, N.J., also showed that 60 percent of U.S. citizens believe the United States should halt nuclear weapons testing as long as the Soviet Union stops its tests.
The poll shows beyond a doubt that the vast majority of Americans want President Reagan to stop nuclear testing, especially before any second summit meeting, said David Cortright, executive director of the group.
The poll results were announced as several members of Congress pushed for House consideration of an amendment to cut off money for nuclear weapons testing until the president certifies that the Soviet Union has conducted another test.
The House Rules Committee agreed Thursday to allow consideration of the amendment in conjunction with a $1.7 billion supplemental spending bill scheduled to come up next Tuesday. The committee said debate and amendments to the testing cutoff would be limited to two hours.
What we're trying to do is break the administration's testing habit - cold turkey, Rep. Ed Markey, D-Mass., said at a news conference with officials from the anti-nuclear group.
Markey said he and Reps. Patricia Schroeder, D-Colo., and Tom Downey, D-N.Y., had planned to offer their amendment cutting off nuclear test funds Thursday on the House floor. But their vehicle, the supplemental appropriations bill, was pulled off the floor Wednesday after an unusual parliamentary maneuver.
According to the organization, governors or legislatures in five states - Washington, New York, Hawaii, Ohio and Rhode Island - have adopted test ban resolutions. More than 60 communities in 13 states have passed similar resolutions, the group said, while 25 Nobel laureates signed an April 8 letter to Reagan urging him to stop testing until a summit or until the Soviet Union resumed testing.
SANE also released a nuclear test ban endorsement signed by five former high-ranking government officials including former CIA director William Colby; former arms control negotiator Paul Warnke; former scientific director Jerome Weisner; former deputy secretary of the Air Force Townsend Hoopes; and former deputy assistant defense secretary Adam Yarmolinsky.
Tribute to Randall Forsberg
Ed Markey placed a tribute in the Congressional Record, October 23, 2007, to mark the death of "Nuclear Freeze" activist Randall Forsberg.
- Madam Speaker, it is with great sadness that I rise to mark the passing of my friend Randall Forsberg, but it is with pride, admiration, and thankfulness that I remember her enormous contributions to the cause of nuclear disarmament.
- Randy Forsberg was the mother of the Nuclear Freeze movement. When she was a doctoral candidate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1980, she put forward a simple and inspired proposal: to end the ‘‘testing, production, and deployment’’ of all nuclear weapons everywhere. With her ‘‘Call to Halt the Nuclear Arms Race,’’ and her tireless advocacy for a nuclear weapons freeze, Randy galvanized a national grassroots campaign to end the threat of nuclear weapons.
- I was proud to introduce the very first nuclear freeze resolution in the Congress, and to work for its successful passage on the House floor in the spring of 1983. That vote shocked many within the dusty confines of the foreign policy establishment, who simply could not comprehend that ordinary citizens understood the unique and intolerable threat of nuclear weapons and that the American public would demand a fundamentally different course be set.
- Randy was at the center of the Nuclear Freeze throughout the country, and was a guiding light to many who believed in the necessity of the Nuclear Freeze. While the Freeze did not pass in the Senate, the activism that this movement created led the Congress to pass other legislation to cut in half the proposed size of the MX missile force, ban anti-satellite weapons testing in space, cut funding for Star Wars missile defenses, and to propose a moratorium on underground nuclear weapons testing.
- Those Congressional initiatives in turn, led the Reagan Administration— which came to office opposed to arms control— to sign the START and INF treaties with the Soviet Union.
- In order to advance a nuclear weapons freeze, Randy founded the Institute for Defense & Disarmament Studies in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1980. Since that time, IDDS has been an important part of the arms control community in the United States and abroad.
- Through its numerous publications, including its World Arms Database, IDDS has provided vital information and analysis to both policy makers and the public at large.
- Randy Forsberg passed away last Friday night, ending a long battle with endometrial cancer during which she had shown incredible bravery and dignity. My thoughts and prayers are with her daughter, Katarina Lilly, her mother, Genie Watson, and her sister, Celia Seupel.
- With Randy Forsberg’s death, the world has lost an eloquent and inspired advocate for nuclear disarmament. But the cause to which she devoted her life endures, and her example serves to inspire others who share her dream of a world without nuclear weapons.
Effects of the "Freeze" movement
What the freeze movement did in the United States, like the Greens in Europe, was to bring nuclear strategy out of the elite foreign policy salons and move it to the grass roots, said Representative Edward J. Markey, a leader of the freeze campaign. Public education led to public activism, and public activism has seriously constrained decision-makers' options over the last six or seven years.
It was the movement, combined with the rise of Mikhail S. Gorbachev in the Soviet Union, that created an irreversible momentum toward reduction of nuclear weapons on both sides, said Mr. Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat.
Markey Looks to Revive Movement for Arms Freeze
Alarmed by the increased dangers of nuclear warfare in the post-Sept. 11 world, Representative Edward J. Markey and a group of veteran antinuclear activists sought to revive an old initiative - the movement for a nuclear freeze - to reinvigorate a worldwide campaign against the use and proliferation of nuclear weapons.
In a news conference June 11,2002, Markey urged President Bush to renounce proposals that the US adjust its strategic doctrine to allow the first use of nuclear weapons, and said the United States should agree to a permanent end to the testing of nuclear warheads.
The Bush administration is leading the country in the wrong direction in almost every aspect of nuclear policy, Markey said.
Markey introduced a joint resolution that called for an end to the development, testing, and production of nuclear weapons, the ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and greater efforts to stop the proliferation of nuclear technologies to rogue regimes such as North Korea and Iran.
The resolution was offered 20 years after Markey played a major role in the nuclear freeze movement. Jonathan Schell, a leader in the original movement and a cofounder of Urgent Call to end nuclear danger, said the world faces a second nuclear age, with dangers that are springing up all over.
Massachusetts representative Ed Markey introduced a House bill 7394, titled the Smarter Approaches to Nuclear Expenditures (SANE) Act of 2012 in the House of Representatives, in February. He was joined by 34 co-sponsors. Numerous organizations around the country, including OREPA, signed on in support of the legislation as it was being prepared.
Markey’s bill calls for a dramatic reduction in the number of delivery vehicles for nuclear weapons, for the termination of the B61 and W78 Life Extension Programs, and the termination of the Uranium Processing Facility at Oak Ridge as well as the CMRR-NF in Los Alamos and the MOX plant at Savannah River.
Congressman Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) Floor Statement “Smarter Approach to Nuclear Expenditures (SANE) Act of 2012” Wednesday, February 8, 2012.
“Mr. Speaker, America’s nuclear weapons budget is locked in a Cold War time machine.
“It doesn’t reflect our 21st century security needs. It makes no sense. It’s insane.
• It’s insane to spend $10 billion building new plants to make uranium and plutonium for new nuclear bombs when we’re cutting our nuclear arsenal and the plants we have now work just fine.
• It’s insane that we’re going to spend $84 billion for up to 14 new nuclear submarines when just one sub can with 96 nuclear bombs on board can blow up every major city in Iran, China and North Korea.
“It’s an insane strategy, but it’s our current plan.
“That’s why we need a sane approach to our nuclear weapons budget.
“Today I am introducing the SANE Act – the Smarter Approach to Nuclear Expenditures Act – with 34 of my colleagues.
“The SANE Act cuts $100 billion in spending on outdated, wasteful nuclear weapons and related programs over the next ten years. Let’s cut new nuclear weapons and not programs for the poor, the elderly, the sick and the children of our country.
“I urge my Colleagues to cosponsor the SANE Act.”
SANE Act named after SANE
Former SANE director David Cortright, wrote in his self named blog, March 7, 2012;
- I was delighted in early February to see that Representative Ed Markey has introduced a new bill in Congress, the SANE (Smarter Approach to Nuclear Expenditures) Act. Markey’s bill calls for significant reductions in nuclear weapons, for a savings of about $100 billion over the next 10 years. Markey remains, as he has been for more than 30 years, the most significant leader and articulate voice in Congress for nuclear arms reduction. I’m glad to see he is still at it.
- As the former executive director of SANE, I was thrilled to see renewed reference to the venerable SANE brand. When I was with SANE in the 1980s we worked closely with Markey. I continued to cooperate with him on disarmament initiatives after that—including the Urgent Call, a nuclear abolition appeal launched in 2002 with Jonathan Schell and Randy Forsberg.
- When I contacted Markey’s office recently to congratulate him for introducing the SANE Act and making reference to our organization, his staff said the SANE acronym was intentional, to recall the halcyon days of the 1980s when the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign was sweeping across the country like a populist prairie fire and SANE was growing rapidly into a formidable mass membership organization.
- In 1982 Markey was the original sponsor of the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Resolution in Congress. Later that year he spoke before a million people in New York’s Central Park for the June 12 rally to freeze and reverse the arms race, the largest peace and disarmament rally ever held in the United States. SANE was actively involved in helping to organize that rally.
- In the late 1980s SANE merged with the Freeze Campaign to form a united organization that still exists today as Peace Action. At that time some board members of SANE were reluctant to see the name go. They didn’t want to lose the legacy and history of SANE dating from the late 1950s, reflected in the involvement of such luminaries as Norman Cousins, Steve Allen, Ben Spock, and Coretta Scott King.
SANE Act returns
On February 27, 2014, Senators Ed Markey (D-MA) and Jeff Merkley (D-OR) introduced S. 2070, the Smarter Approach to Nuclear Expenditures (SANE Act) of 2014. The bill would save U.S. taxpayers about $100 billion over ten years by scaling down, delaying, or canceling a variety of nuclear weapons programs and facilities. Congressman Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) introduced a companion version in the House, H.R. 4107, the REIN-IN Act.
Federation of American Scientists Public Service Award
Since 1971, the far left Federation of American Scientists has recognized an outstanding statesman or public interest advocate who they believe has made a distinctive contribution to public policy at the intersection of science and national security. The award went to Ed Markey in 2007.
Student peace rally
In May 1984 Ed Markey, Mel King, Victor Weisskopf, John Pastore, Roberta Snow, Monica Eisenbud addressed a student peace rally in Copley Square Boston.
Nuclear Y2K Symposium
Monday, March 8, 1999, 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. a Nuclear Y2K Symposium, was held in Canon House Office Building, Caucus Room 345, Speakers: Dr. Helen Caldicott, Rep. Ed Markey, Sen. Tom Harkin, Bill Ulrich, David Lochbaum, Michio Kaku, Rock Cowles, Paul Gunter, Michael Murphy, Judith Johnsrud, Dan Plesch, Dr. Ted Taylor, Bruce Blair, Michael Kraig, Stephen Young, and others.
Peace Pledge Coalition
In 2007 90 Members of Congress, pledged in an open letter delivered to President Bush: "We will only support appropriating funds for U.S. military operations in Iraq during Fiscal Year 2008 and beyond for the protection and safe redeployment of all our troops out of Iraq before you leave office." The letter was initiated by the Peace Pledge Coalition. The Coalition was led by Tim Carpenter, Progressive Democrats of America, Bob Fertik, Democrats.comMedea Benjamin, CodePink, Bill Fletcher, co-founder of Center for Labor RenewalDavid Swanson, AfterDowningStreet.org, Democrats.com, Progressive Democrats of America, Kevin Zeese, Voters for Peace, Democracy Rising, Brad Friedman, co-founder of Velvet Revolution, Bill Moyer, Backbone Campaign.
Edward Markey signed the letter.
2009 letter on Colombia
From November 6th through December 7th 2009, a letter calling for change in U.S. policy towards Colombia was circulated through the House of Representatives. This letter called for a decrease in U.S. aid for Colombia's military and an increase in support for human rights and humanitarian efforts. The initiators of this letter were —Representatives James McGovern, Jan Schakowsky, Donald Payne, and Mike Honda.
- Dear Secretary of State Clinton,
- The FY 2011 budget will contain the twelfth year of a major aid package to Colombia—an aid package originally slated to phase out after six years.
- After eleven years, it is time to scale down assistance for Colombia's military and more systematically "Colombianize" such programs, within both the State Department and Defense Department budgets.
Signatories included Ed Markey.
Voted against cutting funding for ACORN
In September 2009, following the lead of their Senate colleagues, the House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly to cut off funds to ACORN. the vote was 345-75. All of the 75 were Democrats, and included Ed Markey. 
Reception Honoring Martha Coakley
On Jan. 12, 2010 a reception honoring Martha Coakley was held at the Sonoma Restaurant, 223 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington D.C. Among those present were Senator John Kerry and Representatives, Ed Markey, Richard Neal, William Delahunt, John Tierney, Stephen Lynch, Barney Frank, John Olver, Jim McGovern, Michael Capuano and Niki Tsongas.
Hosts of the reception donated $10,000 and included Nick Allard, Thomas Hale Boggs Jr., the Boston Scientific Political Action Committee, Chuck Brain, Susan Brophy, Mary Beth Cahill, Steve Champlin, Licy Do Canto, Gerald S. J. Cassidy, David Castagnetti, Steve Elmendorf, Candy Ergen, Cahrlie Ergen, Shannon Finley, Larry Harris, Tom Hogan, Carol Kenner, Stephanie Markiewicz, Andy Miller, Heather Podesta, Tony Podesta, Robert Raben, Linda Singer and Bill Titelman.
Co-hosts of the reception donated $5,000 and included Marty Bienenstock, Sheryl Cohen, Chad Dale, Joe Eyer, Jamie Gorelick, Robin Leeds, Fred Liowther, Bernie Nash, Frank Purcell of the CRNA (Nurse Anesthetists) Political Action Committee and Melissa Schulman.
The administration for the reception was organized by Julia Hoffman.
Congressional Progressive Caucus
As of February 20 2009 Edward Markey was listed as a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.
The Wilderness Society
On April 29, 2010, The Wilderness Society held a celebration for the 50th anniversary of Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. The Society's president, William H. Meadows joined Senators Tom Udall (D-NM) and Mark Udall (D-CO), together with Rep. Ed Markey (D-MA) in addressing the event. Also speaking were Luci Beach, Tom Campion, Brian Moore, Evan Hirsche, Mary Beth Beetham and Debbie Sease.
Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament
The following were, as of 2011, vice presidents of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament :
- Raphael Chegeni MP, Tanzania
- Senator Rosario Green, Mexico
- Sergei Kolesnikov MP, Russia
- Mi-Kyung Lee MP, Republic of Korea
- Rep Ed Markey, United States
- Baroness Sue Miller, United Kingdom
- Uta Zapf MP, Germany
- Helen Clark, New Zealand, PNND Honorary Member
- Senator Roméo Dallaire, Canada, PNND Special Representative
- Dennis Kucinich, United States, PNND UN Liaison
Physicians for Social Responsibility Press Conference
Physicians for Social Responsibility , Rep. Edward Markey (D-Mass) and the Institute for Policy Studies' Robert Alvarez held a joint press conference on Tuesday, April 26, 2011, National Press Club, First Amendment Lounge, on the ongoing impact of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster to public health 25 years after the accident, the continuing nuclear catastrophe in Fukushima, Japan, and the lessons from both for U.S. public health and safety. PSR also unveiled a new online interactive Evacuation Zone Map.
- PSR doctors will outline how accidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima pose a threat to the public's health and the real challenges of implementing evacuation plans in the event of an accident, especially near major metropolitan areas. Speakers will cover the latest findings regarding radiation exposure, the medical response to nuclear reactor accidents, and the implications of Fukushima and Chernobyl for US energy policy. .
Other speakers included;
Moderator was PSR Executive Director Peter Wilk
"Just weeks" after the 2011 Egyptian revolution, Keith Ellison traveled to Egypt as part of a congressional delegation.
The March 2012 delegation met with Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi and other high-ranking Egyptian government officials. While in Egypt, Nancy Pelosi and Members of Congress also met with civil society and religious minority leaders.
In addition to Leader Pelosi, other Members of the Congressional delegation were: Congressman George Miller of California, Congressman Ed Markey of Massachusetts, Congressman Nick Rahall of West Virginia, Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney of New York, and Congressman Keith Ellison of Minnesota.
"Budget for All"
November 6, 2012 - by a three to one margin, Massachusetts voters "sent a clear message to both Democrats and Republicans in Washington about the federal budget crisis and the impending "fiscal cliff"". The Budget for All ballot question passed by 661,033 to 222,514 votes. It calls for no cuts to Social Security, Medicare, or other vital programs; investment in useful jobs; an end to corporate tax loopholes and to the Bush cuts on taxes on high incomes; withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan now; and redirection of military spending to domestic needs and job creation. The question passed by a wide margin in every district and all 91 Massachusetts cities and towns where it appeared on the ballot, ranging from most of Greater Boston to Holyoke to Norwood, Lawrence and Fall River.
Initiated by over 80 community, peace, labor, and faith groups, the Budget for All was supported by State Treasurer Steve Grossman, State Auditor Suzanne Bump, and Representatives Barney Frank, Mike Capuano, Jim McGovern and Ed Markey, along with 10 State Senators, 18 State Representatives, and 15 city councilors.
State Senators backing the initiative were William Brownsberger, Sonia Chang-Diaz, Sal DiDomenico, Kenneth Donnelly, Pat Jehlen, Thomas McGee, Stanley Rosenberg, Dan Wolf.
State Representatives were Cory Atkins, Linda Dorcena Forry, Sean Garballey, Louis Kafka, Jay Kaufman, Jason Lewis, David Linsky, Denise Provost, Frank I. Smizik, Ellen Story, Timothy Toomey, Jr., Marty Walz, Alice Wolf.
Leaders of the movement were;
Lifting travel ban on Cuba
A May 03, 2013 Press release from the radical controlled and Institute for Policy Studies affiliated Latin America Working Group's Cuba Team stated:
- Due to your action/emails/phone calls we have 59 signatures from House representatives urging President Obama to support travel to Cuba by granting general licenses for ALL current categories of travel.
- By eliminating the laborious license application process, especially for people-to-people groups, that is managed by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), the majority of the bureaucratic red tape that holds up licensable travel to Cuba would disappear and actually facilitate what the President wanted to see in 2011, liberalized travel regulations.
Signatories included Rep. Markey.
Council for Livable World endorses Markey
Edward Markey landed another endorsement, January 2013, as the Council for a Livable World’s Board of Directors unanimously gave the veteran congressman a nod of support for his bid to become the Bay State's next U.S. senator.
“As a Bay Stater, I’m proud to have voted to endorse Rep. Markey’s candidacy for the Senate,” said Priscilla McMillan, of Cambridge, who is described as an expert on U.S.-Russia relations and one of the group's board members. “Markey's courage and far-sightedness in nearly four decades of public service leading the effort for greater control of nuclear weapons and better protection of the environment make him the perfect successor to Senator Kerry."
The organization says that it raised more than $200,000 to support Democratic U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren's successful campaign against ex-Republican Senator Scott Brown, and that it will throw its financial weight behind Markey.
Peace Action endorsement
Massachusetts Peace Action endorsed Rep. Ed Markey for Senate, in 2013. 
- Ed Markey is a key leader in Congress on nuclear disarmament, nuclear power and climate change. He opposes the Afghanistan war and favors reducing military spending to fund social needs.
- Markey has worked for nuclear disarmament for decades. Markey’s Smarter Approach to Nuclear Expenditures (SANE) Act, named for Peace Action’s predecessor organization, would cut $100 billion in nuclear weapons spending from the Federal budget. He is a constant critic of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s lax oversight of nuclear power plant safety and was joint sponsor of the Waxman-Markey climate change bill.
- Markey has voted repeatedly against funding for the Afghanistan war and against the defense authorization and appropriation bills. He is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, voted for its Budget for All progressive budget amendment in 2011, and supported the Budget for All non-binding question which the voters of 91 Massachusetts cities and towns passed by an average 3 to 1 margin in.
- Markey has not been a strong supporter of progressive positions on Israel/Palestine, and we hope to work with him in the future on these issues. Overall, his record on issues close to Peace Action’s mission is far better than that of Congressman Lynch. Markey will make the difference for peace and progress in the Senate.
- Make sure Ed Markey knows the peace movement cares about the Senate race!
- Attend one of Mass. Peace Action’s Markey campaign parties. We’ll raise funds and energy for Markey and explain why Peace Action supports him. We’ll be holding parties in Jamaica Plain, Cambridge, Newton, and Groveland in the coming weeks. Contact us for details!
- Donate to Markey’s campaign through our on-line donation page.
- Make your check out to “The Markey Committee” and send it to Massachusetts Peace Action, 11 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. We’ll bundle together all the donations we receive and hand them to the campaign
- Distribute our flyer, Ed Markey on War and Peace, to your friends and neighbors.
"Peace Action" parties
Party for Ed Markey for Senate!
Rep. Ed Markey Sunday, April 28, 2013, 4:00 pm • Suggested donation $50 to the Markey Campaign
Choice of 7 locations:
Peace Action "ally"
A 2013 Peace Action email blast signed by Paul Kawika Martin, described Ed Markey, as a Peace Action ally;
- On April 30th, there will be a special election to fill the Senate vacancy left by the now Secretary of State, John Kerry. Please help Peace Action ally, Rep. Ed Markey, become the next Senator of Massachusetts.
- Rep. Ed Markey is a key leader in Congress on abolishing nuclear weapons. He is the U.S. co-president of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament, and his "SANE Act," named for Peace Action's predecessor organization, calls for cuts in spending on nuclear bomb production facilities, nuclear-armed bombers and submarines, the end of U.S. bombers' nuclear mission, and reduction in number of deployed weapons.
- You can send Markey to the Senate now.
- Markey has voted repeatedly against funding for the Afghanistan war and against the defense authorization and appropriation bills. He is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, voted for its Budget for All progressive budget amendment in 2011, and supported the Budget for All non-binding question which was passed by the voters by a 3 to 1 margin in 91 Massachusetts cities and towns.
- With your support, Markey can become a Senator with more power to enact your, and Peace Action's, values.
Progressive Democrats of America
Progressive Democrats of America backed Ed Markey in his 2013 US Senate run.
Progressive Democrats of America formally voted to endorse Ed Markey in his 2013 US Senate run.
PDA phone bankers
Progressive Democrats of America organized phone banking teams for Markey.
- Our core phone team has been working hard making calls for the past few weeks, and response has been great. But since Ed showed the sensitivity to suspend campaigning during the days after the tragedy in Boston, we now find ourselves a bit behind on our goal of total voter touches.
- The election is next Tuesday, April 30, so we have no time to waste. We need you to make some simple phone calls from the comfort of you home. We provide all the training you need, you decide your schedule--whether it's 10 or 15 minutes here and there, or a couple of hour shift--and when we talk with them the response is great!
- It's time for us to show solidarity with Ed Markey. Let me know you'll help right now and we'll have you up and running in no time. The vast majority like what Ed stands for. We just have to make sure they know they have to get out and vote April 30th!
- We regularly put thousands and thousands of calls into targeted endorsed candidates races. Whether it was Norman Solomon in CA or Alan Grayson in FL, PDA members from all across the country have poured the calls in from out of state to make a real difference.
- Thank you, thank you, thank you for anything you can do to bring this win home for all of us.
- Mike "Phone Guy" Fox, National Phone Bank Coordinator
The effort was successful;
- Congressman Ed Markey won his MA Senate primary victory on Tuesday in a landslide: 58-42! PDA activists from across the country working together made thousands of phone calls in support of Ed Markey under Mike Fox's leadership. We want to take a moment to thank all of you who helped out on this important election.
Progressive Round Table
On April 18, 2013, Progressive Democrats of America held a Progressive Round Table in D.C. with staffers Joseph Wender from Rep Ed Markey's office, Jenny Perrino from Rep. John Conyers' office, and Jamie Long from Rep. Keith Ellison's office who reported on key legislation and joined us discussing austerity pressure, budget priorities and more.
We also welcomed Ethan Rosenkranz from the Project on Defense Alternatives, Stephen Miles from Win Without War, Miriam Pemberton
Read our 2017 Report Card for Markey.
Markey is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Markey has sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Edward “Ed” Markey sits on the following committees:
- Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Space, Science, and Competitiveness
- Member, Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Member, Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation, and the Internet
- Member, Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, Insurance, and Data Security
- Member, Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard
- Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
- Ranking Member, Subcommittee on East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy
- Member, Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation
- Member, Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy
- Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works
- Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Markey was the primary sponsor of 25 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
View All »
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Markey sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Energy (21%)Health (21%)Transportation and Public Works (14%)International Affairs (13%)Crime and Law Enforcement (9%)Armed Forces and National Security (8%)Taxation (7%)Public Lands and Natural Resources (7%)
Some of Markey’s most recently sponsored bills include...
View All » | View Cosponsors »
|Markey’s Vote||Vote Description|
|Nay||H.R. 1892: Further Extension of Continuing Appropriations Act, 2018; Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2018, the SUSTAIN Care Act of 2018; Family First Prevention Services Act.; Honoring Hometown ...|
Feb 9, 2018. Motion Agreed to 71/28.
This bill became the vehicle for passage of funding for the federal government through March 23, 2018, to avert a government shutdown that would have occurred on February 9, 2018 had this bill not been enacted. The bill was introduced as the Honoring Hometown Heroes ...
|Nay||H.R. 5325: Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2017|
Sep 28, 2016. Bill Passed 72/26.
|Nay||S. 2943: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017|
Jun 14, 2016. Bill Passed 85/13.
|Nay||H.R. 2029: Military Construction and Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2016|
Dec 18, 2015. Motion Agreed to 65/33.
This was the Senate vote on the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 and the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, also known as the omnibus spending bill. The bill would fund the federal government for the remainder of fiscal year 2016 (through September 30, ...
|Yea||H.R. 22: Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act|
Dec 3, 2015. Conference Report Agreed to 83/16.
H.R 22, formerly the Hire More Heroes Act, has become the Senate’s vehicle for passage of the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act or DRIVE Act (S. 1647). The DRIVE Act is a major bipartisan transportation bill that would authorize funding ...
|Not Voting||H.R. 1947 (113th): Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013|
Jun 20, 2013. Failed 195/234.
|No||H.R. 6233 (112th): Agricultural Disaster Assistance Act of 2012|
Aug 2, 2012. Passed 223/197.
|No||H.R. 1249 (112th): Leahy-Smith America Invents Act|
Jun 23, 2011. Passed 304/117.
The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack Obama on September 16, 2011. The law represents the most significant change to the U.S. patent system since 1952, and ...
|Nay||H.R. 1363 (112th): Further Additional Continuing Appropriations Amendments, 2011|
Apr 9, 2011. Passed 348/70.
|No||H.R. 2965 (111th): Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Repeal Act of 2010|
Jul 8, 2009. Passed 386/41.
The Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010 (H.R. 2965, S. 4023) is a landmark United States federal statute enacted in December 2010 that established a process for ending the Don't ask, don't tell (DADT) policy (10 U.S.C. § 654), thus allowing gays, lesbians, ...
From Jul 2013 to Mar 2018, Markey missed 21 of 1,361 roll call votes, which is 1.5%. This is on par with the median of 1.4% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
Show the numbers...
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
Edward “Ed” Markey is pronounced:
ED-werd // MAR-kee
The letters stand for sounds according to the following table:
|Letter||Sounds As In|
Capital letters indicate a stressed syllable.