WHAT IS A TECHNICAL REPORT?
A technical report is a document written to present a research of problem or subject in details. Usually, it is aimed at clarifying an idea, demonstrating a new design or solution, or promoting a certain point of view. Technical report writing is an extremely important skill for most of the job positions related to engineering, programming, architecture, design, and others that deal with new ideas and tons of data on a daily basis. Unfortunately, such skill is extremely hard to develop. Some universities give the possibility for students to learn how to write technical report in case the latter will have to do it in their future workplaces. However, it rarely prepares students to reports and similar works they have to deal with upon graduation.
Each company has its individual standards for structuring reports, and it is important to clarify them before getting to the writing process itself. When it comes to university, professors give assignments with an outline sample to help students organize the paper properly. If there are no additional requirements, “technical report writting” can be done according to the outline as presented below:
- title page (provides basic information about an author and work, includes a date and signed declaration);
- abstract of (summarizes the main aspects of a project);
- table of contents (presents a list of headings and subheadings to guide a reader through the paper);
- glossary (includes terms, which have been used in the paper and explanations to them);
- introduction (defines reasons for writing a technical report, states a question of research, and provides necessary background information);
- literature review (shows sources that have helped you with the research);
- methodology (tells how you have collected and processed data and information);
- procedure (describes the implementation process or the way you have applied the knowledge);
- results (present and evaluate findings and outcomes);
- conclusion (sums up the main points and analyzes significance of the research);
- recommendations (advise on further research or development of a project);
- acknowledgments (show gratitude to everyone who has helped you on any point of the process of technical reporting);
- references (list all sources that have been used);
- appendices (present useful additional materials that have not made it to the main part).
Some of the sections from this technical report example may be combined or removed depending on the purpose of your writing. The glossary is necessary only if your audience does not understand any complex terms. It will appear redundant if the paper is distributed among your colleagues or just people proficient in the same field. You have to analyze every part of your work before composing it in order to understand how suitable are the points you include for a certain situation and use a proper format to present them.
The first thing every person who looks through your paper sees is the way you organized it. Therefore, you need to try to make it comfortable to read and retrieve the information from. You can use technical reports’ examples to look up an outline. Also, Pro-Papers' specialists can help you to come up with a structure that will be perfect for your own research. Purchase your paper at Pro-Papers and let our experts show you how to write a good technical report.
WRITE TECHNICAL REPORT WITH PROFESSIONAL HELP
Every person who has ever attended any technical reporting or writing course thinks that he or she is ready to practice in reality. Actually, it does not matter if you have studied it professionally. Learning how to write technical reports will definitely help you with writing, but will certainly not prepare you for all the difficulties you are going to face. Such works are considered the most complicated documents to prepare. They confound even the best specialists who realize that their skills will not be that helpful when writing technical report.
This type of paper requires more than just knowledge in a field but also a deep understanding of relations between all parts of the research process. Therefore, you have to dive into analysis and technical writing. Report assignments will take an extreme amount of time and effort, and you will most likely have to sacrifice your social life to cope with them. However, you may not have much time or desire to spend precious hours working on a huge paper that will cost you most of your nerve cells. That is exactly the right time for us to interfere and save you from this nightmare. Pro-Papers.com is a 24/7 custom report writing service, which is ready to ease your life and take care of the encumbering paperwork. We have a team of credible professionals who are proficient in preparing different kinds of reports. Our experts are always ready to help you with any part of the work or the whole paper. Specify the purpose and target audience, and our writers will tailor your document to all necessary requirements. If required, we will surely find the writer who not only knows how to write a technical report on your topic but also, has already done it previously. Order your paper at Pro-Papers in order to receive a stellar work done by experienced specialists.
BUY GREAT REPORTS AT AFFORDABLE PRICES
There are thousands of people who have brilliant ideas and solutions to the most intricate problems, but only dozens of them are able to put everything on the paper. Sometimes, this is the only way to show your discoveries to the world. However, you do not need to bury your talent under the piles of paper as we are here to document all of your thoughts. Let our professional team assist you in your research and prepare a perfect paper.
We perfectly understand that the report technical writing is hard, and thus, we hire only credible and experienced professionals to work on such tasks. Our team is online daily and nightly to deliver the best works to each of our customers. We will gladly find a perfect technical report writer for your case, and deliver a perfect work in a timely manner. Order your papers at Pro-Papers and receive sterling writings at affordable prices!
|Writing from scratch|
Having trouble finding the right words to finish your paper? Are your conclusions bland? This handout covers basic techniques for writing stronger endings, including
- Diagnosing and improving paragraph cohesion
- Avoiding 7 common errors when drafting and revising conclusions
- Answering the reader’s unspoken question—“So what?”
Improve paragraph cohesion
A. Make your sentences conform to a “given/new” contract
“Given” information (familiar to your reader) should come first in the sentence. For example, you could reiterate a main idea in the sentence or two beforehand, or something apparent within the context of the sentence, or an idea that taps into readers’ general knowledge of a topic. “New” information (additional, unfamiliar, and/or more complex) should comprise the second half of your sentence.
The “new” info of one sentence then becomes the “given” or familiar info of the next, improving overall flow and coherence.
B. Use “topic-strings”
Each sentence needs a topic or main idea, which should be in the “given” part of the sentence. Shift “given” info closer to the beginnings of your sentences when you can, so that the topic is clear. As well, each paragraph needs an overall topic, usually established in the first or second sentences. To check paragraph coherence, see whether your sentence topics (“givens”) connect consistently from sentence to sentence. Can you find a consistent topic throughout the paragraph, almost as if you were tracing a single colored thread? A set of sentences with clear topics creates a “topic thread.” This, along with appropriate use of transitions, helps to ensure a coherent paragraph.
- If your topic thread is not apparent or seems to get lost, revise your sentences according to a “given/new” information pattern.
- Use transitions where needed to indicate opposition, agreement or linkage, cause & effect, exemplification or illustration, degree, comparison, etc. For more on transitions, see “Making Connections: Choosing Transition Words”.
C. Reiterate without being repetitious
Readers appreciate some consistency and won’t usually find a reasonable amount of repetition boring or monotonous. But avoid repeating the same subjects/topics using exactly the same words each time, and don’t repeat your thesis word-for-word in your conclusion. Instead…reiterate, using key concepts within slightly different sentence structures and arguments. Key concepts are often expressed in introductions, thesis statements, and near the beginnings of paragraphs; they act as a governing “topic thread” for your entire paper.
Avoid these 7 common errors in your conclusions
- Opening with an empty phrase, the equivalent of “throat-clearing.
Draft: “And, therefore, it is important to keep in mind that ...” “In conclusion…”
Revision: Omit these phrases. “In conclusion” or “To conclude” may be appropriate for an oral presentation, but in writing are considered redundant or overly mechanical.
Draft: “However, it is important in arriving at such a conclusion to recognize...”
Revision: Just say what we should recognize.
- Stuffing too much information into one paragraph or not developing the paragraph sufficiently.
- Not including a clear topic sentence: i.e. one that expresses the key concept governing this paragraph (i.e. “What is this paragraph about?”). It’s usually best to express your governing concept in the first or second sentence.
- Not checking for cohesion or flow (see “given and new” above). As a result, the sentences aren’t logically organized, or there is a sudden switch in topic, or sentences do not clearly connect to each other.
- Using transitions too frequently or too mechanically.
- Ending the paragraph with a different topic. HINT: Use a key word or phrase from the last sentence of the previous paragraph in the first sentence of the new paragraph. This technique helps the reader make connections.
- Finishing your piece with entirely new information or a quote that isn’t relevant.
Remember to answer the question "So what?”
Readers need to understand why your argument or research is significant. So consider the single more important idea (key concept) you want your readers to take away with them after reading your paper. It’s not enough merely to repeat your thesis or summarize your main findings in your conclusion; you need to answer the question: “So what”? Options include outlining further areas of inquiry and/or suggesting a sense of significance: e.g. why does what you’ve written matter? What should your reader take away?
For more about writing effective conclusions, visit the following:
“Strategies for Writing a Conclusion” from Literacy Education Online
“Conclusions” from the Writing Center at the University of North Carolina
Source for paragraph cohesion strategies: Williams, J. M., & Nadel, I. B. (2005). Style: 10 Lessons in Clarity and Grace (Cdn. ed.). Toronto: Longman.