Death can occur naturally, unnaturally or as the result of a combination of causes originating from oneself or another. While some cases consist of overt evidence that the death occurred naturally, others require an expert to determine the precise cause of death or combination of causes. A hospital-based pathologists training in determining the cause of death may not include the depth or breadth of the knowledge necessary to assess suspicious death cases. Therefore, expert forensic pathologists, such as those at The Forensic Panel, are able to assess whether or not the cause of death was unnatural. To do this, experts must be familiar with external stressors such as poisons, noxious substances and environmental diseases, as well as the subtle ways in which these stressors affect the body. The expert forensic pathologists at The Forensic Panel are trained in the detection of unnatural causes of death regardless of whether the identity of the body is known or the doubtful or questionable clinical history of the deceased.
For instance, a contributing cause of death is often a pre-existing illness or condition. Examples would be pneumonia or asthma. While they may contribute to the cause of death, the highly trained pathologist at The Forensic Panel can determine what role such medical condition played in the death. It is essential for a forensic pathologist to rule-out pre-existing conditions in order to deduce the actual cause for death.
In some cases stress functions as a catalyst that, in fact, leads to death by directly compounding existing health complications, such as heart disease. Whether it is work-related or a death in the family, stress can be the result of a variety of events in ones life. For some cases it is extremely difficult to determine if the contributing cause of death is stress related. That being said, it is imperative that a pathologist possess the ability and knowledge to determine if stress is a contributing cause to death and to rule-out other possibilities.
When the identity of the body can be established, the forensic pathologist utilizes a comprehensive investigative study of the circumstances leading to and surrounding death, an evaluation of the medical history, and a postmortem examination. Furthermore, the experts investigate holistically and extensively all relevant sources to explain the circumstances and conditions leading to death. Through peer review, expert findings are substantiated by other notable experts in the field. Such a rigorous process supplements the forensic pathologists ability to accurately determine the causes of death as natural, unnatural, or a combination of factors.
Natural Vs. Unnatural Essay
Natural vs. Unnatural
The term supernatural was first used in 1520-30 AD. The definition of supernatural is “that which is not subject to the laws of physics, or more figuratively, that which is said to exist above and beyond nature” (“Supernatural”). The term supernatural, or unnatural, refers to paranormal, religions, and magic. Macbeth was written in 1606 and contains many of the unnatural elements listed above. In Macbeth, the supernatural plays a huge part in the play. The play is more focused on the unnatural element than the natural element. The element of unnatural is shown through the three weird sister witches, the deaths that occur in the play, and Banquo's ghost.
The three weird sisters present the first and the main unnatural element of the play. The very first scene of the play introduces the witches and how they will later impact Macbeth's life. The witches say, "When the hurlyburly's done, when the battle's lost and won." (Shakespeare 5 ln 3-4). This is an allusion to the battle between Macbeth and Macdonwald. The witches are proclaiming that they will meet again after this battle to meet Macbeth. In Act I Scene III, the witches summon Macbeth and Banquo and tell them their prophecies. In this scene, not only are the witches unnatural, but they are telling about the future of Macbeth and Banquo. Knowing the future falls can also be called divination, which is a category that falls under supernatural theme. To Macbeth, the three weird sisters say, "All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Glamis! / All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor! / All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!" (Shakespeare 15 ln 47-50). The witches give Banquo three paradoxes about his future: "Lesser than Macbeth, and greater. / Not so happy, yet much happier. / Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none." (Shakespeare 17 ln 65-67). The witches’ prophecies further impact the lives of Macbeth and Banquo throughout the play and support the unnatural theme of the play.
The deaths that occur in Macbeth come as unnatural. Natural death would include death by old age and sickness. However, all of the deaths in Macbeth are because of murder or suicide, making them unnatural deaths. The very first death in the play is Macbeth killing Macdonwald in battle; making his death an unnatural death. In the lines, "Till he unseamed him from the nave to th' chops, / and fixed his head upon our battlements.” (Shakespeare 7 ln 22-23). Shakespeare shows the audience how Macbeth murders Macdonwald during battle. The second and main death of the play is when Macbeth and Lady Macbeth murder Duncan. Duncan does not die of old age or an illness, but by being murdered...
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